The monitoring of species occurrences is a crucial aspect of biodiversity conservation, and regional volunteerism can serve as a powerful tool in such endeavors. The Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park in the Hakone region of Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan, boasts a volunteer association of approximately 100 members. These volunteers have monitored plant species occurrences from 2001 to the present along several hiking trails in the region. In this paper, I present the annual observation records of plant occurrences in Hakone from 2001 to 2010. This data set includes 1071 species of plants from 151 families. Scientific names follow the Y List. And this data set includes several threatened plant species. Data files are formatted based on the Darwin Core and Darwin Core Archives, which are defined by the Biodiversity Information Standards (BIS) or Biodiversity Information Standards Taxonomic Databases Working Group (TDWG). Data files filled on required and some additional item on Darwin Core. The data set can download from author’s personal Web site as of July 2012. These data will soon be published for the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) through GBIF Japan. All users can then access the data from the GBIF portal site.
The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 7,971 records.
This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.
The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.
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The publisher and rights holder of this work is National Institute of Genetics, ROIS. This dataset is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode)
This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 9dbb55ce-0b38-4468-9172-40c8481edd2a. National Institute of Genetics, ROIS publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF Japan.
Hakone town is located within Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park.
|Bounding Coordinates||South West [35.19, 138.98], North East [35.27, 139.1]|
Species occurrences were observed along eight hiking trails within the regions "Hakone-1," "Hakone-2," and "Hakone-4" in the town of Hakone (Fig. 1b). Observers walked along the hiking trails and recorded the plant species that they found, with particular focus on flowering species. Thus, not all plant species were always recorded. Observations were conducted at each hiking trail once or twice per month every year by at least two individual volunteers. Observations occasionally did not occur due to the lack of participants or to closure of the hiking trails. Typically, several volunteers were in charge of each hiking trail, and these members rarely changed.
|Study Extent||Hakone town is located within Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park. The town was divided into six regions (Fig. 1b) by the Flora-Kanagawa Association to research local flora (Kanagawa Prefectural Museum of Natural History 2001). This monitoring program was conducted along eight hiking trails in regions "Hakone-1, 2, and 4," which are located west of Hakone (Fig. 1b). Each trail is composed of a main pathway and several side paths. "Hakone-1" has three trails: 1) the Mt. Kintokiyama trail, which ascends to Mt. Kintoki and is dominated by forest edge and understory habitats; 2) the Kojiri-touge, which climbs Mt. Kojiri-touge and Mt. Kurotake and is also dominated by forest edge and understory habitats; and 3) the Sengokuhara hiking trail around the Sengokuhara wetland and along the Hayakawa River area, which is dominated by grassland habitats (Fig. 1c). "Hakone-2" has one trail, which comprises the western portion of the Ashinoko Lake trail that follows Ashinoko Lake and is dominated by forest edge and understory habitats (Fig. 1c). "Hakone 4" has four trails: 1) around the Hakone Visitor Center within a picnic area at Kojiri that is dominated by grassland habitats; 2) the Mt. Kamiyama and Mt. Komagatake trails, which climb Mt. Kamiyama and Mt. Komagatake, respectively, and are dominated by forest edge and understory habitats; 3) the Mt. Owakudani trail that ascends the Mt. Owakudani volcanic fume through a forest and is dominated by forest edge and understory habitats; and 4) the Yusakamichi hiking trail, which connects to the east side of Hakone along both forest edge and grassland habitats (Fig. 1c). Thus, the monitoring areas include several types of environments, such as mountainous areas, forest, wetland, river and lake riparian zones, and grassland areas. The approximate positions of the hiking trails are shown in Fig. 1.|
|Quality Control||All raw data were recorded using only Japanese names. Family and scientific names were ascertained as described using the Y List (http://bean.bio.chiba-u.jp/bgplants/ylist_main.html; accessed 15 February 2013). If the Japanese standard name could not be found in the Y List, the data were removed from the analysis. Family names were according to the Engler family described in the Y list. All species were identified using references based on morphological forms by members of the Hakone Park Volunteer Association.|
Method step description:
- Monitoring with only observation
|Parent Collection Identifier||HPV|